Diversion Essay

Below is a free essay on "Diversion" from Anti Essays, your source for free research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Diversion was developed during the 1960s, and the first pretrial diversion programs began over 40 years ago. Diversion means diverting a defendant out if the criminal justice system by having them complete a diversion program rather than be incarcerated or serve another alternative sentence. Criminal charges are typically dropped when a defendant successfully completes a diversion program. The defendant therefore avoids the stigma of a criminal conviction diversion programs are usually only available to defendants charged with misdemeanors and nonviolent felonies involving drugs or alcohol. In some jurisdictions, diversion may be available to defendants charged with domestic violence, child abuse or neglect, traffic-related offenses, or even writing bad checks. Diversion programs are primarily governed by state laws, which vary by state.
Diversion is a system for giving a second chance to a first-time criminal accused of crimes. Rather than serve jail time, those convicted are able to perform community service, make restitution for damage caused by the crime, obtain treatment for alcohol or drug problems, or undergo counseling for antisocial or mentally unstable conduct. If the defendant cooperates and the diversion results in progress, the charges eventually may be dismissed. Diversion is usually a one chance deal, typically not granted for a second offense. Cases can be diverted out of the criminal justice system. Defendants whose cases are diverted typically have to participate in a treatment or rehabilitation program. Since criminal charges are normally dropped when a defendant successfully completes a diversion program, diversion allows defendants to escape the stigma of a criminal conviction. The jurisdiction under which a crime is committed will affect eligibility for diversion. Diversion is sometimes voluntarily offered by prosecutors to defendants who are clearly eligible under a community's guidelines. The defendant's counsel may also propose diversion...

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