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Discuss the Problems Posed to Ngos Operating in Violent Environments, as Well as the Different Strategies at Their Disposal to Deal with These Problems Essay

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Below is an essay on "Discuss the Problems Posed to Ngos Operating in Violent Environments, as Well as the Different Strategies at Their Disposal to Deal with These Problems" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

With the end of the Cold War and the rise of global civil society, NGOs have played an increasingly prominent role in world politics. Yet due to the nature of their work, they often struggle to remain effective amid complex political, military and social dynamics. Specifically, NGOs face real problems when operating in ‘violent environments’. Humanitarian actors have become subject to a progressively more rigorous critical analysis (cf. Macrae, 1998: 28) with many thinkers questioning the effectiveness of their efforts (cf. Rieff, 2002). Indeed, aid operations in Darfur, Afghanistan, Serbia, Somaliaand Rwandahave been accused of exacerbating local insecurities (Fox, 2001; Young et.al. 2005; Young, 2007; Prendergast, 1995).

The problems which NGOs face in violent environments are wide ranging. Thinkers such as Avant (2007) have highlighted the security dilemmas which must be overcome whilst Sunga (2007) has discussed the tensions often associated with advocacy work. This essay will focus on the complex practical and moral problems associated with aid distribution. First, the characteristics of ‘New Wars’ will be briefly outlined, together with an analysis of the broad difficulties which they pose for the effective distribution of aid. Second, efforts to resolve these problems through a ‘new humanitarianism’ will be explored. Finally, the essay will assert that the ‘solutions’ proffered by academics and policy-makers come with their own moral and political problems.

Distributing Aid in New Wars: The Unintended Consequences of Neutrality

In order to effectively discuss the problems which NGOs face in ‘violent environments’, it is essential to briefly consider the broader context in which their operations take place. In her seminal work, ‘New and Old Wars’, Mary Kaldor has argued that ‘a new type of organised violence’ is now prevalent, ‘especially in Africa and Eastern Europe’ (2006: 1). ‘New wars’ are closely tied to the notion of failed states. Within this...

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"Discuss the Problems Posed to Ngos Operating in Violent Environments, as Well as the Different Strategies at Their Disposal to Deal with These Problems". Anti Essays. 19 Oct. 2017

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Discuss the Problems Posed to Ngos Operating in Violent Environments, as Well as the Different Strategies at Their Disposal to Deal with These Problems. Anti Essays. Retrieved October 19, 2017, from the World Wide Web: http://www.antiessays.com/free-essays/Discuss-The-Problems-Posed-To-Ngos-455889.html