Describe the factors to take into account when planning healthy and safe indoor and outdoor environments and services
There are many factors with regards to health and safety that need to be taken into consideration when planning activities. It is important to always make sure that the environment that the activity is going to be carried out is free from hazards that could affect the health and safety of the children, staff, volunteers or visitors.
There is a duty of care to provide a safe and secure learning environment for all children and young people ensuring that their needs and comforts are met, regardless of age and ability.
When planning activities for indoor learning there should be enough room for children to move freely around the learning environment and they should be able to access resources safely without risk to themselves or others. There should always be sufficient light to enable the children to work in comfort, consideration does need to be given to the length of time overhead lights are used as they can be harsh and cause discomfort after prolonged periods. Blinds need to be in situ at all windows so that sunlight can be restricted and rooms kept cool.
Some children and young people find loud noises unsettling, especially those with autism, so a quiet calm class environment is crucial to ensure their comfort. It is obviously not practical to have a silent classroom but by having class rules the children understand the need to be calm and to communicate at an acceptable level and not shouting all the time.
There are specific risks that will effect certain individuals at any one time that will have to be taken into consideration such as a child, young person or adult with a sensory impairment when planning activities to guarantee their safety for example those with a visual impairment would need clear access to tables and work spaces so extra care would be needed to ensure that there were no obstacles that could cause a risk.