Sexual ethics in Islam involves the issues of marriage and the procreation of children which is considered as Halal while on the other hand premarital sex and homosexuality is haram. Islamic teachings evolve around the topics relating to sexual ethics.
Human sexuality is greatly appreciated by Muslims due to the teaching of the Qur’an. Sex is an essential need of all human being that needs to be satisfied. It not only prevents individuals from acting in unlawful practices but it forms a great bond between the spouses. “And one of his signs is that he created mates for you, that you may find rest in them, and he envisaged between you love and compassion”. The teaching of the Qur’an emphasises that satisfying the sexual needs under the Islamic rules and Allah’s commandments as a form of worship and celibacy should be avoided as it interrupts the continuation of the human race.
Marriage is an essential need between two people and encouragement of marriage and sex with marriage is seen as a gift from Allah. “Marry the spouses around you” teaches Muslims that marriage is not only a duty but a necessity to maintain the human race. The Qur’an teaches that marriage provides peace and tranquillity; “You may dwell in tranquillity with them and he has put love and mercy between your hearts”. The essential purpose of marriage is that the Qur’an teaches the true value of marriage and that marriage is highly valued in the Qur’an and the hadiths of Muhammed due to the process of procreation.
Pre martial and extramarital sexual relationships are considered as haram due to the Islamic belief that this breaches the marriage contract and a sin against Allah. “Believers are admonished to keep away from the possibility of fornication, and do not come here to unlawful sexual intercourse”. Muslims believe that marriage prevents people committing forbidden acts. Therefore marriage has been deemed as an essential requirement and avoids unlawful acts and creates sins according...