1.1 Explain what is meant by the term ‘dementia’.
A chronic or persistent disorder of the mental processes caused by brain disease or injury and marked by memory disorders, personality changes, and impaired reasoning.
1.2 Describe the key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia.
The key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia are the temporal lobe, frontal lobe, parietal lobe, occipital lobe, cerebrum lobe and
1.3 Explain why depression, delirium and age related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia.
Depression, delirium and age related memory impairment are all symptoms of dementia and this may be why people mistake them for dementia.
2.1 Outline the medical model of dementia.
The medical model focuses on the impairment as the problem and focuses on a cure, these may be dependency, restriction of choice, disempowering and devaluing individuals.
2.2 Outline the social model of dementia.
This is personal centred, focusing on the rights of the individual, in turn empowering the individual, promoting independence, giving choice and looking at what the individual is able to do.
2.3 Explain why dementia should be viewed as a disability.
Individuals who have dementia are not aware of requirements for living. They can forget to do the essential things that are vital. Taking medicines, hygiene and even eating are often forgotten. They can get lost or hurt and not understand what is necessary to correct a situation. Individuals cannot act in the manner of a responsible adult which is why dementia should be viewed as a disability.
3.1 List the most common causes of dementia.
Alzheimer disease, Vascular dementia, Parkinson disease and Lewy body dementia.
3.2 Describe the likely signs and symptoms of the most common causes of dementia.
Memory loss, depression, personality changes, unable to carry out simple tasks, delirium, confusion and...