Defense of Erik Erikson’s Stages of Psychosocial Development
“Every adult, whether he is a follower or a leader, a member of a mass or of an elite, was once a child. He was once small. A sense of smallness forms a substratum in his mind ineradicably. His triumphs will be measured against this smallness, his defeats will substantiate it. The question as to who is bigger and who can do or not do this or that, and to whom-these questions fill the adult’s inner life far beyond the necessities and the desirability’s which he understands and for which he plans-Erik Erikson(1950).
Defense of Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development
Like Sigmund Freud, Erikson believed that every individual is born with basic instincts and that development occurs in stages. These stages are influenced through maturation and growth both physically and psychologically. Erikson believed in the Id, ego and superego. He differed with Freud that social and cultural influences have an important role in molding human development, rather than sexual urges and pleasure He believed that humans are rational and their feelings, thoughts and actions are mostly controlled by the ego. Erikson believed that in all stages of psychosocial development we are presented challenges, and have a responsibility and the ability to achieve a positive outcome from the crisis experienced. I agree with Erikson, I believe that conforming to societies standards in all stages evolves more from pleasing our ego than pleasing our sexual desires.
Like Erikson, I agree that there are more stages to psychosocial development than Freud’s theory. I do not agree that psychosocial growth stops after adolescents. I believe we are still going through stages in life, met with crisis, hopefully resolution, and growth throughout our entire lives. I agree...