Name of the Disease or Disorder: Deep Vein Thrombosis
Why was this disease named this way (History of the disease)?:
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) is a medical condition where a blood clot, also known as a Thrombus, develops deep in the veins, usually in the legs. The first documented case of a DVT was in the 13th century. Later in the 1700s, DVTs were occurring in more post-partum women and many believed that the increase in occurrences was a because of a lack of breast feeding and as a result the women’s legs would swell due to milk buildup in the legs. Therefore breast feeding was highly encouraged to decrease DVT’S or what was considered “milk leg”.
(description of the cause of the disease, what organs/tissue are affected, what happens to the normal physiology (pathophysiology)?)
Deep Vein is mainly caused by a combination of the slowing of the blood and increased clotting in the blood, although there are other factors that can cause clotting such as trauma. Rudolf Virchow (1821-1902) came up with Virchow’s Triad which includes Hypercoagulability (increased clotting), Hemodynamic Changes (slowing of the blood), and Endothelial injury/dysfunction (trauma). It occurs more in males than women and in those 60 years of age and older.
* Prolonged immobilization, such as bed rest or sitting for a long time when traveling via car or plane.
* Fracture or injury to the lower extremity, this can occur when tissue mixes with blood.
* After a major surgery to a lower extremity such as a knee or hip replacement.
* Pregnancy can increase clotting in the blood because the body wants to decrease the chances of postpartum bleeding.
* Central venous catheters or pacemaker insertion
* Family history
* Blood disorders
* Congestive Heart Failure
DVTs usually develop in the leg veins and sometimes, although rarely, can develop in the arm veins. Most commonly DVTs begin in the veins and...