famous poet-WILLIAM WORDSWORTH
William Wordsworth was an English poet who lived and worked in the Lake District in northern England around the beginning of the 19th century. He wrote poems in a new way, in a style that was closer to how ordinary people spoke, on intimate themes such as nature and memories. He believed that poetry should be about emotions—“the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings”—and his ideas led to the flourishing of a new movement in English poetry called “Romanticism”.
William Wordsworth was born on April 17, 1770, in the market town of Cockermouth in the Lake District. His father John was a lawyer, who handled the business affairs of one of the richest men in the country, Sir James Lowther. William had three brothers, Richard, John and Christopher, and one sister Dorothy. During his early childhood, William lived a happy and peaceful life near the River Derwent surrounded by beautiful countryside, and he developed a lifelong love of nature.
When he was only seven, William’s mother Anne died and he was sent away to grammar school. William was happy at school, and he began to write poetry. But five years later, his father also died, leaving the children as orphans. Their care fell to two uncles who became their guardians and sent William to Cambridge University.
THE FRENCH REVOLUTION
As a young man, Wordsworth also began to travel. He went on a walking tour of France at the time of the French Revolution (1789-1799). At first, Wordsworth was an enthusiastic supporter of the Revolution’s ideas of liberty, equality and fraternity (brotherhood). But he later became disillusioned when he saw the chaos and suffering the Revolution caused. While in France, he had a love affair with a French woman, Annette Vallon. They had a daughter together, but soon France and Britain were at war and Wordsworth had to return to England. He did not see his daughter again for nine years.
EARLY WRITING CAREER