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Critically Endangered Species in Sumatra on the Road to Extinction Essay

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Critically endangered species in Sumatra on the road to extinction

    The Harapan rainforest is one of the largest ecosystems in the world, a home for a variety of species, some of which are rare and critically endangered. But a possible construction of a coal-transporting road might disrupt the wildlife and even lead to the complete extinction of some threatened species, especially the Sumatran tiger.
    The 51km-road would divide the forest in two, destroying hundreds of hectares of greenery, thus making it even easier for poachers to hunt animals. Environmentalists all around the world claim that the construction of such a road is unnecessary, as it would not shorten the distance between the power stations across Asia – the coal could be transported through the already existing roads. Moreover, the damage inflicted on the rainforest of Harapan would be lethal to the wildlife and beyond repair.
    The close to extinction Sumatran tiger is the most endangered one, since its population is as few as 12-20 individuals in the area. It is reported that approximately 78% of the deaths of the species are caused by poachers. In addition, the industrialization of Sumatra has already forced the tigers to search for food near urbanized regions, which on its own is very dangerous for both people and animals.
    In the last 20 years there has been a decline in forest areas on the territory of Sumatra in favour of development. The construction of the new road would further cripple one of world’s richest ecosystems nowadays.



Commentary Part

    People’s ambition to extract more raw materials will evetually lead to increased variety of products on the market, but this has a downside as well. Making our life easier by taking advantage of nature we hardly realize that we destroy our own planet. For centuries, people have wiped out entire forests and made whole species go extinct, in order to keep the industrialization going. However, there is no way for...

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