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Criminal Justice System Essay

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Below is an essay on "Criminal Justice System" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Deviance is the recognized violation of cultural norms. Crime is a type of deviance. Crime is the violation of a society’s formally enacted criminal law. Criminal deviance spans from minor traffic violations to sexual assault to murder. In the case of serious deviance, action may be brought by the criminal justice system – “a formal response by police, courts, and prison officials to alleged violations of the law.”
The key elements of the U.S. criminal justice system include police, courts, and the punishment of convicted offenders. An important principle that motivates the entire criminal justice system is the idea of due process. The principle is based upon the first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution – known as the Bill of Rights. The Constitution protects persons charged with a crime. It gives individuals the freedom from being “deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law.” The concept of due process means that anyone charged with a crime must receive (1) fair notice of the proceedings, (2) a hearing on the charged conducted to law and with the ability to present a defense (ex. lawyer), and (3) a judge or jury that weighs evidence fairly.
The police mainly serve as the point of contact between a given population and the criminal justice system. Police maintain public order by enforcing the law. They are trained to use personal discretion in deciding whether and how to handle a situation. After an arrest, a court determines a suspect’s guilt or innocence. U.S courts rely on an “adversarial process” involving attorneys – one representing the defendant and other, the state – in the presence of a judge who monitors legal procedures. There are four justifications for punishment: retribution, deterrence, rehabilitation, and societal protection. Retribution is “an act of moral vengeance by which society makes the offender suffer as much as the suffering caused by the crime.”   The justification for punishment is based on “an eye for and...

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Criminal Justice System. Anti Essays. Retrieved December 12, 2017, from the World Wide Web: http://www.antiessays.com/free-essays/Criminal-Justice-System-65161.html