Student name: Crystal Chiu
Instructor: Ray Bigauskas
Date: Feb 21/08
For centuries, the “Nature versus nurture” debate has spawned and still continues; this has proven to be one that has clouded the issues in the field of criminal behavior. In addition, the paper is writing about the causes of criminal behavior and to explore the mysteries.
Before discussing the complex debate on nature versus nurture, we must define criminal behavior first. Criminal behavior suggests many kinds of acts and for that reason, researchers suggest four broad definitions of criminal behaviors. These four areas are illegal criminal behavior or actions that are punishable under the law, moral criminal behavior which refers to action that violate the norms of religions and morality and are said to be punished by a supreme spiritual being, social criminal behavior which refers to actions that violate the norms of custom and tradition and are punishable by a community. Finally, psychological criminal behavior that refers to actions that may be disappointing to the actor but impose pain or loss on others – this is anti-social behavior.
Criminal behavior has always been a focus for psychologists due to the debate between nature versus nurture. One example concerns the debate about the effects of testosterone, the powerful hormone in males that affects their behavior. Recently, researchers at Florida State University found conclusive evidence that hormones can contribute to aggressive and even violent behavior in humans. Experiments with lab animals prove this. At the same time, evidence shows that environmental factors may also play a role in how and to what degree testosterone influences behavior.
“It’s a concern that the importance of environmental influences will be lost in the fanfare about genetics,” says...