Crime Sociol Problems Essay

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Crime is a problem that affects everyone, because anyone can be a victim of a crime. And it’s a problem by definition because it involves breaking the law. A Canadian study reveals that there is one murder per 12,000 citizens; 1 in 5,000 for sexual assault; 1 in 200 for robbery; and 1 in 33 for assault (Crime prevention through social development, 1989.) In other words, “the more serious the offense, the less likely it is to occur” (Crime prevention through social development, 1989.) Whether or not someone will be a victim of crime depends on many factors, including where they live, income and lifestyle.
The crime rate id ripping in both Canada and the US, but the public retains a perception that we are living in very violent times, and that the crime rate is increasing (gjdklajg 1989.) This mistaken belief comes in part from the media’s intense coverage of the most grisly or sensational crimes, “combined with increases in reported police statisitics,” both of which “be be misleading.” For instance, increasing the number of police, using computers and increasing insurance coverage are 3 simple factors that might have increased the number of reports made to authorities without “any change in crime itself.” But newspapers and TV stations cover only the worst crimes, a practice that tends to create “a fear of victimization that is not supported by statisitics” (Crime prevention through social development, 1989.) In actuality, the crime rate is either remaining steady or dropping.
This report suggests several ways of reducing crime, including law enforcement, the use of corrections, reducing the opportunities available to commit crime, and social development actions. Law enforcement personnel and the corrections system fight crime by arresting criminals and incarcerating them, which reducing opportunity for crime includes such methods as taking appropriate security precautions to protect people and property; it typically includes such things as Neighborhood Watch....

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