Creating Change on a Local Level
The Health of Boston 2009 Report gives an overview of the issues and assets found in the various communities that make up Boston, Massachusetts. As the report states, “where one lives often influences one’s health” (p. 1). Assets can be located in both physical and social aspects of any community. “Social cohesion” is formed and maintained through community members taking advantage of the social and physical assets they hold (p.1). The amount of social cohesion or the positive perceptions one has in or about their community has been shown to contribute to the overall health and well-being of individuals.
Need for Change
Reviewing the Health of Boston 2009 Report on community assets, one will see several social factors that are of concern to the health and well-being of all Boston citizens. There appears to be a racial divide within Boston where the neighborhoods that are made of mostly White or mixed racial demographics report higher social cohesion, compared to those that consist of larger minority groups. For instance in the report it states that, “Charestown, North End, and South Boston indicated high levels of social cohesion” whereas in, “Mattapan, North Dorchester, and Roxbury, less than 25% of [residence] report their neighborhoods as being very safe” (p.7).
Segregation in Boston has known to be a social issue for many years. Looking at a general racial demographic comparison found in USZip.com (2010), neighborhoods such as Charlestown, West Roxbury, and the North End, are each made up of approximately 83% white people and above. Then reviewing neighborhood racial demographics in Dorchester, Mattapan, and Roxbury, one would find minority groups making up approximately 90% of the population (USZip.com, 2010). Looking at the actual facts presented by the Health of Boston 2009 Report, segregation and racial inequality are still prevalent. The correlation of large minority group populated neighborhoods and...