Corruption Essay

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CORRUPTION
Introduction

“Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely.”

Now-a-days corruption can be seen everywhere. It is like cancer in public life, which has not become so rampant and perpetuated overnight, but in course of time. A country where leaders like Mahatma Gandhi, Sardar Patel, Lai Bahadur Shastri and Kamraj have taken birth and led a value-based is now facing the problem of corruption.

It is not easy to define corruption. But in a narrow sense, corruption is mostly concerned with ‘bribery’ and it takes several forms. Corruption is a global phenomenon and it is omnipresent. Corruption has progressively increased and is now rampant in our society.

Historical Perspective
Corruption is a global phenomenon. It is found in almost every society in one form or the other. In ancient times, the judges received bribes in Egyptian and Babylonian societies. In Rome bribe was a common feature in elections to public offices. Kautilya in his Arthashastra has mentioned about 40 types of corrupt practices adopted by government servants. The expansion of economic activities during world wars opened new vistas of corruption due to scarcities.
National scenario

Corruption in India is a major issue and adversely effects its economy. Corruption in India is a consequence of the nexus between Bureaucracy, politics and criminals. India is now no longer considered a soft state. It has now become a consideration state where everything can be had for a consideration. Today, the number of ministers with an honest image can be counted on fingers. At one time, bribe was paid for getting wrong things done but now bribe is paid for getting right things done at right time.

Effects of corruption
Indian administration is tainted with scandals. India is among   87 of the 178 countries where corruption is rampant, according to the Corruption Perception Index 2011 Report released by Transparency International India. Corruption in India leads to...

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