The importance of biodiversity is being more widely recognised as increasing numbers of species come under threat. What can be done to maintain biodiversity?
231 0 0 Anglais May 19, 2013 00:15
Biodiversity plays an important role in long-term sustainability of future human well-being. However, the growth of population as well as the intensive exploitation of natural resources caused an enormous damage to nature.
Off-shore spills, acid rains and intensive farming have left little space for wildlife. Some people argue that diversity of life will eventually recover to the norm on its own. However, in my view, there are several important ways in which humans can slow biodiversity loss. The majority them focus either on conservation and restoration of natural habitats or on fostering wildlife in artificial environments.
Conserving strategy propagates an idea of establishing specialized areas for threatened habitats, this may preserve diversity of animals or plants as a reserve. Although conserving itself has its own drawback. It requires much planning and careful consideration on all elements of ecosystem. Moreover, there is no way to bring back species that have gone extinct.
Another strategy focuses on fostering species that are critically threatened through intentional reproduction, for example captive breeding and propagating. The artificial restoration of habitats with much involvement of people may create a major shift for maintaining biodiversity.
The extinction itself can be overcome by establishing specialized institutions with a primary purpose of increasing reproduction rate of endangered animals or plants. This function is carried out by zoos, marine parks or tree nurseries.
In response to the problem, government may react with some measures: develop policies that control the use of natural resources, introduce strict wildlife regulations. For example, punishment for individuals who commit environmental crimes or activities, that may...