WORD COUNT: 1,533
SUBMISSION DATE: 24/04/08
All Practitioners must be aware of or contribute to Research in order to maintain knowledge and ensure the best possible practice. (Hek et al.2002) Research can be defined as “systematic examination that uses scientific methods to answer questions or solve problems”.(Polit et al. 2001)
This assignment relates to the module Contemporary Nursing Practice (CNP). With the aim of examining Evidence based practice (EBP) and how it informs care delivery, from the critical appraisal of one qualitative study selected from a health care journal and published in 2008.
The study selected to critique is; Sque M, Long T, Payne S and Allardyce D (2008) Why relatives do not donate organs for transplant: ‘sacrifice’ or ‘gift of life’? Journal of Advanced Nursing 61(2):134-144. The framework for the critique that will be used is adapted from (Crombie 1996), which will Cover the Objectives, Methods, Results, Conclusion and finally a summary of the key points derived from the critique.
The rationale for undertaking this study was in response to high relative refusal rates for Organ Donation which was commissioned by UK Transplant. The question clearly states that the purpose of the study is due to a global shortage of organ transplant donors with 7377 individuals in the United Kingdom on the transplant waiting list (UK Transplant 2007) and a staggering 97,712 individuals in the United States of America (Organdonor.gov.2007). As consent is usually sought from a family member before organ donation can proceed, concerns that may influences relatives decisions could be helpful to Nurses in supporting them through their bereavement.
The research design used in this study was appropriate to address the research question as it was a retrospective, meaning by seeking information from the past they are trying to explain the current problem by examining factors associated with it. It was...