Comparison and contrast essay: William Sheldon’s Type and Personality Assessment and Myers-Briggs Typology Index.
Have you ever asked yourself why people act in one way and others in different ways? As we already know, people have different physical and psychological aspects and these traits influences their way of life. These aspects have been studied and classified by some scientists and we are going to focus on and compare two theories: William Sheldon’s and Myers-Briggs.
The first theory, William Sheldon’s, who is an American psychologist, proposes that body types are related to personality characteristics. After some of his studies he determined that there are three basic physical components and three basic temperament components. He called this three elements endomorphy, mesomorphy and ectomorphy for the physical types and endotonic, mesotonic and ectotonic referring to the temperament. Each of the physical elements is focused in some physical parts: endomorphy for the abdomen and digestive system, mesomorphy for the muscles and circulatory system and finally ectomorphy for the nervous system. Also each the temperament elements are related to some personality aspects and behaviors: endotonia for relaxation and interaction with other people, mesotonia for the love of action and ectotonia is centered on privacy. In his theory Dr. Sheldon explains that everybody has this components but in different degrees, and he made an scale from 1 to 7 to determine the degree.
The second theory is focused on psychological types. It is based on a typology from a psychologist named Carl Jung. Myers-Brigg’s theory divides personality in four traits: Extroversion-Introversion, Intuition-Sensing, Thinking-Feeling and Judgment-Perception. No one are just one of the qualities of each trait, but there are always one dominant trait. There are sixteen possible combinations. Each combination has a name made by the letters of each trait, for example: ESTP (Extroversion...