January 30, 2012
Compare and contrast the criteria for successful crime reporting program in the United States
The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Uniform Crime Reporting Program (UCR) provides an annual roll-up of incidence and rate of crimes reported in the United States (Schmallager, 2009). The International Association of Chiefs developed this 1929. This system was adopted by the FBI in 1930 (Uniform Crime Report). The FBI uses this system to obtain a snapshot of the volume and rate of crimes committed in the United States. This construction of a crime index show the nation where and what types of crime is frequently committed. The crime index system was discontinued because of the misrepresentation of the hard-core criminal activity such as murders and forcible rapes.
The National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) began in 1988 as part of an NCR program. The NIBRS was revised to be known currently as UCR/NIBRS (Schmallager, 2009). The early version was not detailed enough to represent criminal occurrence. Crime reporting as comprehensive information can be access nationwide by the law enforcement agencies The NIBRS centralizes their data collection on 22 categories of offenses, which are then divided into 46 distinct infractions to include Part I and Part II offences instead of a vague summary (Julie, 2010).
National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) is based on self-report by the victim than police. The NCVS was first conducted in 1972and open the minds of the American society that there are numerous crimes been committed outside of what UCR/NIBRS indicate. NCVS does not use similar data to those of the USR/NIBRS but collect more information from individuals and household crimes. The criteria for UCR/NIBRS is meet by information reported and that data that can reflect a trend in the increase of criminal activity can only be substantiated by victims of a crime. The success of the...