Colon cancer is considered as a pathophysiology disease. Cancer itself is a dangerous word to be heard by anyone and with colon attached to cancer; it could not sound any good. Any cancer is named according to the kind of organ tissue from which it develops from. Millions of people, worldwide, get different type of cancer every year. Colon cancer also known as colorectal cancer is formed in the lining of the large intestine and rectum. The name “colorectal” is formed by colon and rectum. Colon plays a great rule in our digestive system. The colon is known to be responsible for absorbing water from what we eat, and in addition, for collecting food waste until we are able to digest it from the body. In order to treat such a disease, one must learn the unique experience with symptom, diagnosis, different stages of colon cancer and the right treatment for different stages that colon cancer brings.
Nearly every disease has symptoms, and some symptoms may occur until the last stages of the disease. Symptoms of colon cancer include rectal bleeding, dark stools called melena, bowel movements, gas pains, back pain, and discharge from the rectum, As the tumor in the colon grows, it causes blockage which leads to later infections or bleeding in the abdominal cavity. As the tumor spreads, it can cause other types of problems, such as liver pains, loss of appetite, or other cancer of the organs.
The diagnosed of colon cancer can be in many different ways. However, not many are getting tested for the disease until it is the screening for blood in stool is permitted, for people over the age of 50, even if they have no risk factors. Patients who are diagnosed with colon cancer can be tested by having a colonoscopy. Colonoscopy is a test in which
doctors can look into the entire colon and collect tissue through the scope. Another test is endoscope where a small tube is used to take a sample of tissue without making an incision, and the tissue is examined for...