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Cold War Brezhnev Doctrine Essay

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  • on December 2, 2013
  • Category: History
  • Length: 1,236 words

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Below is an essay on "Cold War Brezhnev Doctrine" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Source 2 is an extract from an article published in Pravda, on 26th September 1968 by S. Kovalev.   Pravda was the leading newspaper of the Soviet Union and an official organ of the Central Committee of the Communist Party between 1912 and 1991. Pravda was the conduit for announcing official policy and policy changes and remained so until 1991. The source in question was published on the 26th September 1968 as an article entitled “Sovereignty and the International Obligations of Socialist Countries”. It outlined a policy that would evolve to become known as the Brezhnev Doctrine.   This doctrine was announced to retroactively justify the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia in August 1968 that ended the Prague Spring, along with earlier Soviet military interventions, such as the invasion of Hungary in 1956.   These interventions were meant to put an end to democratic liberalization efforts and uprisings that had the potential to compromise Soviet hegemony inside the Eastern bloc, which was considered by the Soviets to be an essential defensive and strategic buffer in case hostilities with NATO were to break out.   The Invasion and Doctrine was “therefore of great significance for strengthening the socialist community”. In practice the policy meant that partial independence of communist parties was allowed. “The peoples of the socialist countries and Communist parties should have freedom for determining the ways of advance of their respective countries”. However, no country would be allowed to leave the Warsaw Pact, disturb a nation's communist party's monopoly on power, or in any way compromise the cohesiveness of the Eastern bloc. Implicit in this doctrine was that the leadership of the Soviet Union reserved, for itself, the right to define "socialism" and "capitalism".
The message conveyed and outlined in Pravda was consequently reiterated in a speech at the Fifth Congress of the Polish United Workers' Party on November 13, 1968 by Brezhnev. His enunciation gave the...

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