Learning is something that all living beings do, whether if you are human or animal. We begin to learn things from the day we are born until the day that we die. There are many different theories about learning, as well as many different theorists with beliefs on how we learn. Cognitive learning is one of the theories of how we learn and why we learn. Researching this theory will give us a better understanding of what the theorists who believe in this theory are telling us the how and why we learn.
Major Principles of Cognitive Learning Theory
Cognitive learning theory is one that tries to explain to us human behavior by understanding the thought process. In this theory it is assumed that humans are logical and make choices that make the most sense to them. Information processing is a term used in this theory to help to explain the mental process of the human mind for learning (Fritcher, 2011). There are two major approaches that are key to the cognitive approach. The first is that our memory system is a processor of information. The second is that our prior knowledge plays a significant role in the learning process (Lilienfeld, 2010).
Cognitive theorists consider how the human memory works to help promote learning. Cognitists lean toward the approach that learning is internal processes, which include memory, insight, memory processing, and perception (Smith, 2011).
Contributions of Three Theorists
Jean Piaget was a cognitive learning theorist who believed that children learned in stages, from birth throughout adolescents. His idea is that learning comes in cycles. A child will perform an action and then note the characteristics of the action and its effect. Through repeated actions with variations or in different context the child is able to differentiate its elements and its effects. While doing this child is able to identify the properties of objects by the different kinds of actions that have an affect on them. By...