ENC 101 Professor Welch
Children and Adults with Cancer
Claim: Cancer kills both children and adults.
There are many different types of cancer that children can have.
Leukemia is the most common childhood cancer. It accounts for about 33% of all childhood cancers. Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) and acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) are the most common types of leukemia in children. Leukemia may cause bone and joint pain, weakness, bleeding, fever, weight loss, and other symptoms.
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma and Hodgkin lymphoma (sometimes called Hodgkin disease, Hodgkin's disease, or Hodgkin's lymphoma), are cancers that start in lymph tissues, such as the tonsils, lymph nodes, and thymus. These cancers may spread to bone marrow and other organs, which can cause different symptoms depending on where it is growing. They also can cause fever, sweats, weakness, and swollen lymph nodes in the neck, armpit, or groin. Hodgkin lymphoma can occur in both children and adults, and accounts for about 4% of childhood cancers. It is more common, though, in 2 age groups early adulthood age 15 to 40, usually people in their 20s and late adulthood after age 55. Hodgkin lymphoma is rare in children younger than 5 years of age. About 10% to 15% of cases are diagnosed in children and teenagers.
Brain and other nervous system cancers are the second most common cancers in children, making up about 21% of childhood cancers. Most brain cancers of children involve the cerebellum or brain stem. In early stages they can cause headaches, nausea, vomiting, blurred or double vision, dizziness, and trouble walking or handling objects. Adults are more likely to develop cancers in different parts of the brain--usually the cerebral hemispheres. Spinal cord tumors are less common than brain tumors in both children and adults.
Rhabdomyosarcoma is the most common soft tissue sarcoma in children. It makes up a little more than 3% of childhood cancers. This tumor...