Child abuse is the physical, sexual, emotional mistreatment, or neglect of a child. In the United States, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Department of Children And Families (DCF) define child maltreatment as any act or series of acts of commission or omission by a parent or other caregiver that results in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child. Child abuse can occur in a child's home, or in the organizations, schools or communities the child interacts with. There are four major categories of child abuse: neglect, physical abuse, psychological/emotional abuse, and child sexual abuse.Different jurisdictions have developed their own definitions of what constitutes child abuse for the purposes of removing a child from his/her family and/or prosecuting a criminal charge. According to the Journal of Child Abuse and Neglect, child abuse is "any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker which results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation, an act or failure to act which presents an imminent risk of serious harm". A person who feels the need to abuse or neglect a child may be described as a "pedopath".Child abuse can take several forms: The four main types are physical, sexual, psychological, and neglectChild neglect is where the responsible adult does not provide adequately for various needs, including physical (not providing adequate food, clothing, or hygiene), emotional (not providing nurturing or affection), educational (not enrolling a child in school), or medical (not medicating the child or taking him or her to the doctor). There are many effects of child neglect, such as children not being able to interact with other children around them.The continuous refusal of a child's basic needs is considered chronic neglect.
Physical abuse is physical aggression directed at a child by an adult. It can involve punching,...