CheckPoint: Substance Abuse
July 13, 2011
I most agree with the behavioral and cognitive views in regards to substance abuse and treatment. I also believe and agree with the biological viewpoint. I believe that these viewpoints all make valid arguments for why substance abuse happens, and also how substance abuse happens. The treatments for each, Aversian treatment for Behavior and Cognitive views, group therapy and detoxification from substances for the Biological views, I feel is the best options to increase a person’s chances of becoming successful overcoming the substance abuse.
Behaviorists believe a key role in substance abuse is operant conditioning. Operant conditioning is where an individual modifies the occurrence and form of its own behavior due to the association of the behavior with a stimulus. The reward the individual receives in the form of lowered tension or increased mood leads the individual to want to continue using the substance in order to continually receive this reward (Comer). Cognitive theorists furthers argue that such rewards eventually produce an expectancy that substances will be rewarding, and this expectation helps motivate individuals to increase drug use at times of tension (Chassin et al., 2001). What behavioral and cognitive theorists are arguing that people take drugs or “medicate” themselves when they are feeling tense. They do it to feel good, at first it takes a little, and ends up being a lot, and turns into a huge problem.
I also believe the biological view. I believe that it could be in a person’s genetics. A genetic predisposition is greater genetic likelihood of...