Upper Iowa University
Many factors attribute to the cause of ADHD in children. Scientists are unsure what causes the disorder, although many studies suggest genes play a major role. Like many other illnesses, ADHD results from a combination of factors. Researchers are looking for possible environmental factors and studying how brain injuries, nutrition, and social environment might contribute to ADHD. This illness affects the aspects of a child’s life. The use of various tests give researchers the ability to observe how the brain works. No one test can diagnose ADHD in children. The tests are administered by a licensed professional. ADHD often continues into adulthood, and tends to affect the lives of the children diagnosed with the illness.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood brain disorders and can continue through adolescence and adulthood. Some symptoms of ADHD are inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. Children with inattention issues are easily distracted, miss details, and forget important tasks. The children have difficulty focusing on one matter, organizing, or learning new subjects. Many have trouble completing and turning in homework, listening when spoken to, and move slowly. Children with hyperactivity fidget and squirm in their seats and are constantly in motion. Some children suffer nonstop talking and difficulty doing quiet activities. Most have issues touching or playing with objects found. The children that suffer impulsivity are impatient, use inappropriate comments, and show emotion without restraint. These children act without regard for consequences. Some children have difficulty waiting for items they want or waiting their turn in games. (National Institute of Mental Health, 2012).
Treatments for ADHD include medication, psychotherapy, or a combination of treatments. Stimulants are the most common type of medication used for treating this...