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Britain in the 18th Century Essay

  • Submitted by:
  • on December 2, 2013
  • Category: History
  • Length: 565 words

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Below is an essay on "Britain in the 18th Century" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Britain`s lenghty eighteenth century, which began with one elegant and noble revolution in 1688 and ended with another one in 1832, was a tableau of success. The art and architecture in Britain reached their elegant and original best. Its capital became the center of print culture, finance, fashion, and commercial creativity. London became the largest and most alluring city in the Western World. The British Constitution became a topic for glorification, as much by the uninformed and illiterate at home as by the Enlightenment literati abroad. The armed forces, fiscal system, and bureaucracy of the British state grew in efficacy and range, bringing victory in all but one of succession of major wars. Legitimized by achievement and buttressed by massive economic and political power, Britain`s landed elite kept at bay every domestic revolution except the industrial one, which only enriched it more. The American Revolution, of course, was not averted; but while this crisis embarrassed the British Empire, it did not destroy it. Even Before 1776, the conquest of Canada had reduced the thirteen colonies strategic significance, just as their profitability to the mother country had been outstripped by its Indian possessions; their final loss was made up, and more than made up, with relentless and almost condescending speed. Between 1780 and 1820, 150 million men and women in India, Africa, the West Indies, Java, and the China coast pledge their allegiance to the British naval power and trading imperatives.
The parliament in 18th century England was composed by two political parties – The Whigs and the Tories. Originally “Whig” and “Tory” were terms of abuse introduced in 1679 during the heated struggle over the bill to exclude James, duke of York (afterward James II), from the succession. Whig—whatever its origin in Scottish Gaelic—was a term applied to horse thieves and, later, to Scottish Presbyterians; it connoted nonconformity and rebellion and was applied to those who...

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