BORDERLINE PERSONALITY DISORDER
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a personality disorder described as a
prolonged disturbance of personality function in a person (generally over the age of
eighteen years, although it is also found in adolescents), characterized by depth and
variability of moods. The disorder typically involves unusual levels of instability in
mood; black and white thinking, or splitting; the disorder often manifests itself in
idealization and devaluation episodes, as well as chaotic and unstable interpersonal relationships, self-image, identity, and behavior; as well as a disturbance in the
individual's sense of self. In extreme cases, this disturbance in the sense of self can lead
to periods of dissociation.BPD splitting includes a switch between idealizing and
demonizing others. This, combined with mood disturbances, can undermine relationships
with family, friends, and co-workers. BPD disturbances also may include self-harm.
Without treatment, symptoms may worsen, leading (in extreme cases) to suicide attempts
There is an ongoing debate between clinicians and patients worldwide regarding the term
Borderline, and some suggest it be renamed, and called Emotionally Unstable Personality
Disorder. There is concern that the diagnosis of BPD stigmatizes people and is a
discriminatory practice. It is common for those suffering from BPD and their families
to feel confused by a lack of clear diagnosis, effective treatments and accurate
information. It is true that the disorder originates in the families of those who suffer
from it, and is closely related to traumatic events during childhood and to PTSD.
SIGNS AND SYMTOMS
Studies suggest that individuals with BPD tend to experience frequent, strong and
Long-lasting states of aversive tension, often triggered by perceived rejection, being
alone or perceived failure. Individuals can show changeablity between anger and anxiety
or between depression and...