Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Essay

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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, or ADHD, is a very complex condition that generates a great deal of debate. The debate surrounding this disorder is intense. Debates encompass issues such as, what is ADHD, what causes it, and how to manage ADHD. The problem is, many ADHD children do not outgrow the symptoms and carry it on into adulthood. Further research is needed to understand the disorder and what other interventions will be needed to help the children and their families with ADHD.
ADHD is a persistent and severe impairment of psychological development characterized by high levels of inattentiveness, restlessness and impulsive behavior (Taylor et.Al. 2004). The behavioral problems revolve around three main symptoms. One of the main symptoms that an ADHD person displays is the inability to keep their attention focused on something. The person is easily distracted, forget instructions and have a poor or short memory. The second main symptom prevalent among those with ADHD is their impulsiveness. They act or shout our inappropriately. They have a short fuse which can lead to temper tantrums. The third symptom is those with ADHD are hyperactive. They are unable to sit still and are often restless and fidgety. These factors often cause problems for the sufferer in educational settings, (for children) and in occupational settings, (for adults).The prevalence of ADHD is 5% of school-age children (Nice 2000). ADHD has been conceptualized as a disorder of early and middle childhood, mainly affecting males (Willoughby). However, as interest and research into ADHD has grown researchers have felt it necessary to reconceptualize ADHD as a chronic disorder in both sexes (Willoughby 2003).Also ,they found that gender had a significant impact, but that it was girls diagnosed with ADHD that had a poorer psychiatric outcome than boys (Dalsgaard et.al.2002).ADHD rarely exists in isolation and children often have associated...

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