Assess The View That Marxism And Functionalism Are Utopian Ideologies Essay

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Assess the view that Marxism and Functionalism are Utopian ideologies.

The   view   that   Marxism   and   Functionalism   are   utopian   is   highly   debateable.   Karl   Mannheim   defined   an   ideology   as   “a   set   of   beliefs   used   to   justify   and   perpetuate   an   existing   social   order   and   reproduce   class   inequality”   and   a   utopia   as   “a   utopian   set   of   beliefs   about   how   the   world   could   be   organised   in   the   future.   Utopian   ideologies   tend   to   be   formed   by   oppressed   groups   who   want   radical   change”.
Marxism   is   the   belief   that   the   bourgeoisie’s   position   is   implemented   to   minimalise   class   conflict   and   legitimise   inequality.   The   ruling   classes   manipulate   these   ideas   in   every   corner   of   society,   even   art,   law   and   education.
This   view   is   outlined   in   “The   Communist   Manifesto”,   written   by   Karl   Marx.   They   believe   that   by   removing   class   inequality,   a   society   without   poverty,   crime   and   all   of   the   problems   in   modern   society   will   no   longer   be   a   problem,   allowing   everybody   to   share   and   co-exist.
Under   Mannheim’s   definition   of   an   ideology,   Marxism   would   be   seen   as   a   utopian   ideology.   It   is   a   set   of   beliefs   by   the   downtrodden,   creating   an   image   of   the   perfect   future.
However, in some societies, the Marxist ideology works.   Kibbutz   is   a   collective   community   in   Israel   which   was   based   on   agriculture.   Kibbutzim   were   a   utopian   community,   using   a   combination   of   Socialism   and   Zionism.   However,   even   in   the   social   utopia   of   sharing,   problems   still   arise.   The   fact   that   that   now   all   Jewish   beliefs   are   uniform   affected   the   moralistic   and   structural   supports   of   Kibbutzim,   and   over   many   years   made   the   kibbutzim   people   split,   making   the   Kibbutzim   break   down.   During   the   1980s,   following   the   peak   of   the   kibbutzim   crisis,   many   people   started   leaving   their   kibbutzim,   and...

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  • on November 7, 2010
  • Category: Social Issues
  • Length: 665 words
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