The essay explores the two models of regionalism, which are the European Union (EU) and the Association of South-East Asian Nation (ASEAN), representing model of regional integration and regional cooperation respectively. It does so through a comparative analysis of the institutional arrangements of the two organisations. A theory of regionalism is used as conceptual framework.
ASEAN AND EU REGIONAL INTEGRATION: COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE OF INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS
Regionalism and regional integration have been one of the most striking features in the contemporary international relations. Regionalism has been defined as a process drawing together self-motivated states in the same geographical area for the safeguarding or promotion of economic, security, political, and also social and cultural benefits. The degree of integration can be identified basing on the degree of the common institutions and common policies that independent sovereign states are willing and committed to establish to share their sovereignty.
Depending on the level of willingnes and committement of independent sovereign states to share their sovereignty, Nicholas Moussis clearly distinguishes the multinational integration process and intergovermenttal cooperation as “Multinational integration process may be defined as the voluntary (not coercive) establishment by treaty, concluded between independent states, of common institutions and the gradual development by them, of common policies pursuing common goals and serving common interests… Intergovernmental cooperation is a conventional shelter of national interests, entrenched in the solid and familiar bulwark of national sovereignty defended by national governments. It does not need strong central institutions or a great deal of common legislation.”
The European Union (EU) and the Association of South-East Asian Nation (ASEAN), both commemorateing this year its 40th and 50th anniversaries of the Bangkok Declaration and the...