With the beginning of the 21st century, the information technology is developing at a rapid rate. The IT applications are playing crucial roles in different fields and areas including science research, manufacturing industry, education and so on. The IT application utilized in universities is a typical case which reflects its significant functions. Such university-used applications encompass a wide range of items such as computers, personal communication devices, digital video and sound system, email, the Internet and so on (Davison C, 2005). This paper is based on a research which is to investigate how IT applications function in education field. The purpose of the essay is to indicate IT applications have a profound effect on the running of a university. Xi’an Jiao tong Liverpool University, employing a great number of IT applications, was selected to be the object in this research. The research focused on two typical applications. One is ICE, an electronic learning environment popularly used in this university, and the other is the library OPAC.
2.1 Data collection
In this research, a questionnaire was used. After the first draft of the questionnaire was finished designing, a pilot study was conducted. An improved one which removed the ambiguousness and duplications was carried on later. The new version comprised 8 questions mainly focused on the students’ perspectives to ICE and the library OPAC. Six questions in the questionnaire were related to ICE, and the remaining two covered topics on the OPAC.
2.2 The sample
Throughout the research, 40 questionnaires were released and 38 papers were collected eventually. Consequently, the sample size is 38. Respondents involved in this research were freshman and sophomore level students who majored in different programmes in XJTLU. They consisted of both males and females and their ages varied.
Before discussing the results of the research, it is necessary to...