Han V.S Roman Technology Beliefs
Throughout China a disagreement in the needs of technology differed between the Han, and Roman Empire. The Han China’s attitude toward manufacturing and labor of technology was more open and positive then then Romans which had a more systematic and class-divided society, therefore causing the general attitudes of technology and labor to be low in the Roman Empire.
The documents displayed can be grouped in many different ways. Documents 1, 2, 4, 5, 6 and 8 are all from government official’s point of view. Documents 3 and 7 are from a philosopher’s point of view. Documents 8 and 1are arguing the use of water technology; Documents 6 and 8 both agree with the technology as a product, that it is beautiful and practical but disregards the ones building it and putting it into use. Documents 1, 2, 3 and 4 are all from the Han Empire, believing that technology is good for the people, making life easier and improving the work. Documents 5, 6, 7 and 8 are all from the Roman Empire and believe that technology is wonderful and beautiful but don’t believe that the ones making them mean anything and some of the technology itself is useless.
Document 1 was written by a Han government official in the 2nd c. BCE, it urges the importance of waterways and engineering and how the government should regulate the transition of water to prevent floods. This request was made to organize the system and save the labor of the lower class men. This will increase the job opportunities and increase the protection of the city. This tells us that technology is essential and the government should support it. This government official feels responsible for the disunity of the water ways and because he is the one in charge.
Document 2 was written by Haun Guan, a government official in the 1st c. BCE, it tried to require the convict’s labor to produce the tools. By doing this the quality of the product will not be as good as it would if the tools were...