Anti-drug Legislation Analysis
University Of Phoenix
In this analysis, I aim to describe the anti-drug policies created by federal and state legislation. I will base this around a timeline which will approximate various implementations and policy changes over the years. I will also describe differences between the state and federal policies. I intend to examine the proposition of the legalization of certain drugs and the potential impact of the subsequent effects on asset forfeiture.
Beginning around the turn of the 20th century, a great push against drugs such as marijuana, cocaine, and opiates began. At this time the drug market was relatively unregulated and many of today’s illicit drugs were used as medicine. Certain medical remedies which contained derivatives of cocaine or heroin were freely distributed without prescriptions, the dangers and side effects of the drugs were not well known by consumers.
It began in 1875, the city of San Francisco enacted a ban against opium, which at the time affected mostly Chinese immigrants but began a century long string of anti-drug proposals and laws. In 1914, the Harrison Act came into effect which required all individuals in the medical field who dealt with opiates, morphine and other substances to register with the federal government so that a tax could be paid on the substances. This also marked a time of the beginning of serious penalties for drug offenses which includes fines and prison time. In 1920, the Heroin Maintenance Act was put into effect; this allowed individuals with Heroin addiction to be treated with a regularly administered dose of heroin. Unfortunately, long term studies determined that this type of treatment only prolonged the addiction of the individual which rather quickly put an end to medically obtainable heroin. In 1937, the depression had ended and effective health regulation was about to be implemented under the Food, Drug and Cosmetics Act of 1938 (Annuals, 2004) The U.S....