Airports are the component systems together with the air traffic control and airlines. Now a day there is gradual increase in the number of passengers and aircrafts and also the air traffic. Many airports that are exists have been confronted with increasing requirements for providing the sufficient airside and land side capacity to accommodate the passengers and aircrafts. The airports increasingly violate and uncertain the transport demand efficiently and safely. This demand consists of aircraft movements, passengers, and freight shipments.
Parallel to this noise pollution, air pollution, and land use increased. Keeping in mind all these factors both existing and new airports will have to use the advanced concepts and methods for analysis and forecasting of demand and planning and design of the airside and landside capacity. For the rapid growing industries like airports the future planning is must. Forecasting the future solves many problems in the airline industry. It will also include developing the short term and long term solutions for matching the demand in order to coincide with the expected congestions and delays.
In order to solve all these problems proper forecast is necessary and it also needs some changes to solve the problem. Main problems due to airside congestions are,
* Rush of flights on the runway.
* Delays of flights.
* Space for taxiways.
* Space for ramp operations.
* In sufficient terminal space.
* Improper transportation.
Since the number of passengers is always directly proportional to the number of aircrafts, as the number of passengers increases the number of aircrafts also increases. Proper forecast during the construction of the airport solves this problem, if it was properly forecasted while constructing the airport there will be extra space for the airport to construct another runway and can control the rush of flights. It also increases the life time of the runways....