Forestry IN Pakistan
Made By Allah Bux & Aman
Uses Of Forests
• The forest of Pakistan are a main source of lumber, paper, fuel wood, latex, medicine as well as human and animal food.
• Other minor products include resin and 'mazri' .
• The forests also provide of ecotourism and wildlife conservation purposes.
• Forests have also been planted in some areas like Thal Desert to avoid soil erosion and further desertification.
• Riparian zone along the river Indus have been managed to avoid excess flooding.
Types Of Forests
• Coniferous Forests
• Sub-tropical Dry Forests
• Tropical Thorn Forests
• Irrigated Plantations
• Riparian Forests
• Mangrove Wetlands
• The coniferous forests occur from 1,000 to 4,000 m altitudes. Chitral, Swat, Upper Dir, Lower Dir, Malakand, Mansehra and Abbottabad districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Azad Kashmir and Rawalpindi district of the Punjab are the main areas covered with coniferous forests.
• Silver fir, spruce, deodar, blue pine, chir pine are the most common varieties.
• The Coniferous forests also occur in Balochistan hills.
• Chilghoza pine and juniper are the two most common species of Balochistan.
Sub Tropical Dry Forests
• The sub-tropical dry forests are found in the Attock, Rawalpindi, Jhelum and Gujrat districts of the Punjab, and in the Mansehra, Abbottabad, Mardan, Peshawar and Kohat districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa up to a height of 1,000 m.
• In Balochistan, they are confined to the Sulaiman Mountains and other hilly areas.
• Dominant tree species are phulai, kau and hopbush.
Tropical Thorn Forests
• The tropical thorn forests are dominated by xerophytic scrubs.
• They are most widespread in the Punjab plains but also occupy small areas in southern Sindh and western Balochistan.
• They are mainly used for grazing...