Advantages and Disadvantages of the North and the South
When the Union and the Confederacy were fighting each other during the Civil War, there were many factors that impacted the final results. Which side would you rather be on? Both the North and the South had many advantages and disadvantages that may have won or cost them the war.
An extreme advantage of the North was that they had almost three times the population of the South. This was of obvious importance because they had more citizens to defend their side of the war. The North’s population totaled to a rounded estimation of 22 million people, while the South only had the quivering 9 million. Another important advantage of the Union included the fact that they had 70% of the nation’s railroads. This was hugely beneficial because railroad, at the time, was the fastest means of transportation. This transportation could have easily included people, but more importantly: weapons. Rounded, the North had about 22,000 miles of railroad compared to the 9,000 miles the South had spread their land over. Lastly, another great benefit to the North was loaded with factories that help supplied the weapons needed for fighting men. In fact, the Union contained about 90% of the nation’s industry, so they were obviously in the lead of weapon production. Some advantages for the South included their strong navy and army fleet. While the South did not have a large and hefty population, they were quick, wise, and very educated on their military strategies. Another extremely beneficial advantage to the South was that they were fighting on their home land. They knew and understood their land because they had planted and settled their homes there. The South was fighting in the defensive side of the Civil War, while the North was on the offensive side.
On the contrary, both sides had major disadvantages, too. For example, the North may have had a lot of people and quite the population, but the South had the much stronger army....