ACQUIRED BRAIN INJURY
An Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) is any sudden damage to the brain received during a person’s
lifetime and not as a result of birth trauma. It can include damage sustained by infection, disease, lack of oxygen or a blow to the head.
The specific symptoms or losses of functioning depend on which brain areas are affected. Some of the causes include:
Alcohol or drugs – which can poison the brain
Disease – such as AIDS, Alzheimer’s disease, cancer, multiple sclerosis or Parkinson’s disease
Lack of oxygen – called anoxic brain injury (for example, injury caused by a near drowning)
Physical injury – such as an impact (or blow) to the head, which may occur in vehicle or sporting accidents, fights or falls
Stroke – when a blood vessel inside the brain breaks or is blocked, destroying the local brain tissue.
The long-term effects of brain injury are difficult to predict. They will be different for each person and can range from mild to profound depend on a number of factors such as the type, location and severity of injury. Every person's injury is unique, so they will experience any number of the symptoms, which can range from mild to severe.
It is common for many people with ABI to experience increased fatigue (mental and physical) and some slowing down in how fast they can process information, plan and solve problems. They may experience changes to their behaviour and personality, physical and sensory abilities, or thinking and learning.
The effects of a brain injury can be wide ranging, and depend on a number of factors such as the type, location and severity of injury. Every person's injury is unique, so they will experience any number of the symptoms, which can range from mild to severe.
The effects of brain injury can be divided into categories:
Cognitive effects of brain injury
Emotional and behavioural effects of brain injury
Communication problems after the brain injury
Hormonal imbalances and...