The aim of this assignment is to explain what is hypnosis describe the psychological & physical aspects & discuss the role of relaxation in hypnotherapy.
The British Society of Clinical & Experimental Hypnosis defines hypnosis as
"In therapy, hypnosis usually involves the person experiencing a sense of deep relaxation with their attention narrowed down, and focused on appropriate suggestions made by the therapist." 2011 cited on www.bscah.com
These suggestions can help people make positive changes within themselves. Historically hypnosis was seen as waving pendulous items & controlling people's minds, this is no longer common practice. In a hypnotherapy session the client is always in control and they are never made to do anything they would not want to as the conscious mind is always protecting the individual from any harm. A hypnotherapist merely helps to facilitate their experience, hypnotherapy is not about being made to do things against their will, it is in fact the opposite, it is about empowerment.
Hypnosis is “A heightened state of suggestibility, such that the suggestions given are accepted as being true and effect the beliefs, habits, perceptions and behaviours of an individual in varying degrees according to the depth of hypnosis established. "Deeper levels" of hypnosis enable the hypnotized individual to experience greater hypnotic phenomenon such as light states being able to create catalepsy by suggestion, and deeper states allowing the individual to experience amnesia, anesthesia, & hallucinations. Generally there are several types of hypnosis, (1) naturally occurring hypnosis, (2) hetero hypnosis, (3) self-hypnosis, & (4) waking suggestion which is similar to placebo.” Cal Banyan, 2011, cited on www.hypnosis.org.
Scientists first became involved in hypnosis around 1770, when Dr. Franz Mesmer started investigating an effect he called 'animal magnetism' or 'mesmerism' (the latter still remaining popular). Abbé Faria was the first...