Solid and Hazardous Wastes
Since the 1970s, Indonesia Central Government, with the support of various groups like the community, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and various international agencies attempts to improve the sanitation systems in solid and hazardous wastes management.
In 1999, the Central Government of Indonesia enacted the law on decentralization and thus helped to introduce a new policy to provide a bigger responsibility and role for local governments to, among others, provide urban services that include provision of water supply and sanitation services (e.g. solid waste management, SMW). At the same, the law specifies that role of the Central Government in provision of urban services shall therefore be limited to preparation of guidelines and manuals, as well as assisting the local governments in human resources development and management to enable them to undertake their current roles and responsibilities.
Major Policies on Solid Waste Management
Law No. 23/1997 on Environmental Management | Gives the mandate to the Ministry of Environment to regulate all aspects of pollution control and includes general provisions for solid, toxic and hazardous waste management |
Government Regulation No. 18/1999 on Management of Hazardous and Toxic Waste | Defines parameters, definitions and a framework for hazardous and toxic waste management. Prohibits the import of lead acid battery from Sep 2002 |
Government Regulation No. 74/2001on Management of Hazardous and Toxic Waste | This regulation is a significant expansion of the previous two regulations. 09 toxic chemicals are listed. The regulations states that:Every person and corporation is prohibited to dispose toxic waste directly into water, soil or airToxic waste producers are required to process toxic waste Permits are needed for collection, transporting, and processing including final dumping |
Various BAPEDAL Decree | Regulates technical requirements of...