In chapter 10 the book explains new innovations in police strategy. It talks about the characteristics of community policing and also the pros and cons of what it does. It also goes on to talk about problem oriented policing and the problem solving process. Then it goes on to say how effective problem oriented policing is.
Community policing is a type of policing that has the polcing woking with members of the community and having the community taking a more active role in crime contro and pervention. Community policing also differs from the traditional type of policing because instead of the traditional method of crime control the community oriented policing seek out to install a fear of crime, order mantence, and conflict resolution as their methods of policing. The idea that stems from this is that you will have members of the police force focusing on major crime while the community will take care of the smaller ones. Then the therory that if you stop the minor crimes from occuring could possibly lead to a decrease in major crimes comes into play, and that would be one of the benefits to having community policing.
Community partnerships is another method used by police in order to ensure a good relationship with members of the general public. The way this is done is through a process of consultation and mobilization. Consultaion works by providing citizens with information about crime and what can be done to prevent it. Also this gives citizens the chance to voice their concerns about crime and tell the police what they think about the job they are doing. Mobilization works by giving members of the community a chance to actively deter crime by being involved with such programs as Neighborhood Watch, Operation ID, or Crime Stoppers. This also will use members of the public as a form of police looking to seek out more minor crimes while the police can focus on the more major ones.
However even though community policing can have its benefits it...