6.1. Explain the links between identity, self-image and self esteem
In social science the term identity describes a person's conception and expression of their personal individuality or group identity, e.g. national identity or cultural identity.
The shaping of someone's identity depends on the identification with significant others like parents, the peer group or even fictional movie-characters.
Furthermore the term Identity describes a unique personality structure in combination with the picture that others have of this structure. The reflection of ourselves and who we want to be determines our identity. This concept is also described by some as the self image.
A person's self-image is the own mental representation of one’s individual characteristics and qualities like height, weight, hair colour, gender, I.Q. score, etc., as well as the beliefs of that person about himself or herself. The self image is in it's importance for the individual relatively resistant to change.
A self-image may consist of three types:
1. How I see myself
2. How others see me.
3. How I see others seeing me.
The term self esteem is used to describe the result of this internal self-evaluation. In this process individuals compare their description of themselves as they are, with their description of themselves as they would like to become. Self-esteem depends then on the ability to live up to one's ideals.
The term self-esteem is used in psychology to describe a person's overall emotional evaluation of their own worthiness.
The concept of self esteem assumes that the result of this reflection determines further the attitude towards the self, affecting the individual in aspects like motivation, attitudes, confidence and the overall emotional well being.
Some theories suggest that self-esteem is a basic human need or motivation. One of these is from the American psychologist Abraham Maslow. He included self-esteem...