Milgram's Study of Obedience: Critical Review
What is considered ethical and unethical in a scientific model of research strategies in a case study? Milgram's famous Study of Obedience, done in 1963, has fallen under great debate. The author of the report has properly informed us of the reasons why ethics had been reformed and an institutional review board had been created. The review board is in place to protect participants from unethical research projects. The review board reviews research proposals and ensure that researchers protect participants adequately. Due to the debate and beliefs of some that Milgram's study was unethical and other similar research projects caused the Department of Health, Education and Welfare to establish regulations in 1974, for the protection of human subjects.
First, to understand the reasoning behind the above action, we must look at the ethics of the Study of Obedience from two different view points. The author has given us two sides of the ethical debate from both Diana Baumrind and Stanley Milgram. To begin, we must understand the Hypothesis of Milgram's Study of Obedience. The real question was: “What are the forces underlying obedient action?”. Milgram was trying to understand why soldiers would follow commands to torture and kill captives. Another strong reason, according to the article, was to see the parallel effects between obedience and the the actions of war criminals in Nazi Germany that tortured and killed their captives by command of superior officers.
The study was done by giving subjects commands to shock an individual, that represented a captive, under orders of the experimenter, meant to emulate a superior, to torture. The subjects were given the option to quit at any time. The subjects were told that the individual had a heart problem in the beginning of the study, also. The subjects were ordered to cause punishment to the individual by inducing the shock treatment from a Slight Shock to a dangerous...