Summarise the laws and codes of practice affecting work in schools.
Like any other organisation operating within the United Kingdom, schools must abide by the law. The data protection act covers personal data that is information that a living person could be identified from. There is also a subsection that covers sensitive personal data this includes things like mental health, religious beliefs, commission or alleged commission of a crime, political opinions and ethnic or racial origin. Some laws and legislation directly impact upon schools in part or whole. The laws and legislation I am going to look at are the following.
* Data Protection Act 1998
* UN Convention on the rights of the Child(UNCRC) 1989
* Education Act 2002
* Children Act 2004 and Childcare 2000
* Freedom of Information Act 2000
* Human Rights Act 1998
* Special Educational Needs (SEN) code of practice 2001 and Disability Discrimination Act 1995/2005
* Health and Safety Executive (HSE)
The Data Protection Act 1998. As an organisation, a school processes a lot of information on its students and its staff. In order to protect the information (data) collected a law was passed so that no matter who was handling the data the same level of protection was given. Under this act there are eight enforceable codes of practice to adhere to. Data must be:-
1. Fairly and lawfully processed.
2. Obtained for specified purpose and not processed in any manner incompatible with these purposes.
3. Adequate, relevant and absolutely necessary.
4. Accurate and where necessary kept up to date.
5. Only kept as long as necessary.
6. Used in accordance with data subject’s rights.
7. Kept in a secure locked cabinet or a password protected file on a computer and under the control of the registered person with the commission.
All data is confidential and on a need to know basis. All information within the MOCS is compartmentalised, it is held by one person...