Corruption - Wikipedia, the free enc clopedia
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In philosophical, theological, or moral discussions, corruption is spiritual or moral impurity or deviation from an
ideal. In economy, corruption is payment for services or material which the recipient is not due, under law. This may
be called bribery, kickback, or, in the Middle East, baksheesh. In government it is when an elected representative
makes decisions that are influenced by vested interest rather than their own personal or party ideological beliefs.
2 By field
3 Systemic corruption
5 See also
7 External links
The word corrupt (Middle English, from Latin corrupt us, past participle of corrumpere, to abuse or destroy :
com-, intensive pref. and rumpere, to break) when used as an adjective literally means "utterly broken".
Main art icle: Polit ical corrupt ion
Political corruption is the abuse of public power, office, or resources by elected government officials for personal
gain, e.g. by extortion, soliciting or offering bribes It can also take the form of office holders maintaining
themselves in office by purchasing votes by enacting laws which use taxpayer money. Systemic corruption is the
complete subversion of a political or economic system. Governmental corruption of judiciary is broadly known in
many transitional and developing countries because the budget is almost completely controlled by the executive.
The latter undermines the separation of powers, as it creates a critical financial dependence of the judiciary. The
proper national wealth distribution including the government spending on the judiciary is subject of the constitutional
economics. It is important to distinguish between the two methods of corruption of the judiciary: the government
(through budget planning and various privileges), and the private....