Depth Study 1: World War 2 – Research Essay
World War II was a historical event that had laid the foundations of the Cold War. There were several different key events which evolved around certain ideologies that lead to the origins of the Cold War. The main events which lead to the Cold War were the Yalta and Potsdam conference, the Nazi Soviet Pact – a pledged cooperation from the Germans and the Soviets, the invasion of the USSR by Germany which occurred after the violation of the Nazi Soviet Pact and the bombing of Japan which had its origins mainly from the Manhattan Project and the Potsdam conference.
Historians such as PJ Larkin have stated that there have been many ideological rivalries due to factors such as the breakdown of wartime alliances and feelings of mistrust which contributed to the Cold War. As for ideological differences, the U.S.A believed in a free and ‘just’ democratic government whereas the USSR used dictatorship to rule a communist nation. “One way of life is based upon the will of majority……The second way of life is based upon the will of minority.” In President Truman’s speech to congress in 1947, he voiced his opinion of the different ideologies between the U.S.A and the USSR. These conflicting ideologies caused hostility between both of these super powers and led to the several incidents that had split the nations even further apart and had led to the misconceptions at the Yalta conference.
A primary incident that caused the differing and clashing of ideologies between the U.S.A and the USSR was the Yalta conference. This conference foretold the future of Germany and was held in February, 1945. ‘The Big Three’ (Britain, America & the USSR) met to discuss the fate of post-war Europe. The objectives of this conference were to divide Germany into four parts; one part for the French, British, American and the Soviets each, to create the United Nations, set up a commission to look into reparations and allow Poland to create their...