Mamie Katherine Phipps Clark was born on 1917, and died at age 66, in 1983. Her parents are Harold H. Phipps and Kate Florence Phipps. Dr. Harold Phipps was a physician and Mrs. Phipps would assist him. Dr. Phipps also owned a hotel and a spa for African Americans. Most customers where in the middle class status. Mrs. Clark has only one sibling. He is a dentist. She attended a segregated elementary and secondary school in Arkansas. It was in 1934 that Mamie Phipps graduated from Langston High school. She received many offers for scholarships because of her excellent academic record , and after much research and The daughter of an educated family, Mamie Phipps was born in Hot Springs, Arkansas, to Harold and Katie Phipps. Her father was a doctor, a native of the British West Indies. Her mother helped him in his practice and encouraged both their children in education. Her brother became a dentist.
Phipps entered Howard University as a physics and math major, and earned a B.S.magna cum laude She switched to psychology for graduate work after meeting her future husband and partner Kenneth Clark.They began their lifelong partnership and married in 1938. Both went on for additional study at Columbia University.
In 1943 Mamie Phipps Clark was one of the first African-American women to earn a Ph.D. in psychology from Columbia University.
At the end of World War II, Kenneth and Mamie Clark decided to try to improve social services for troubled youth in Harlem, as there were virtually no mental-health services in the community. Kenneth Clark was then an assistant professor at the City College of New York and Mamie Clark was a psychological consultant doing psychological testing at the Riverdale Children's Association, Kenneth Bancroft Clark and Mamie Phipps Clark approached social service agencies in New York City to urge them to expand their programs to provide social work, psychological evaluation, and remediation for youth in Harlem. None of the agencies took...