France and Human Trafficking
* 1. GENERAL INFORMATION
In France, the issue of human trafficking began to receive political attention in the first years of the twenty first century. In December 2001, a Parliamentary Mission Report on the fight against modern forms of slavery and trafficking was announced. This, in turn, led to a unanimous vote in the National Assembly for a new law to combat trafficking in human beings. In the following years, a comprehensive legal framework on human trafficking was developed in France.
France is a destination country for women and girls trafficked for sexual exploitation from Eastern Europe, West Africa and several Asian countries. Men, women and children from African countries are trafficked for forced labour, including domestic servitude. The French government estimates that 10,000 to 12,000 women are victims of sex trafficking in the country. In 2007, the government identified 1,002 trafficking victims, of which 76 per cent were foreigners. There are a significant number of Romanian minors in France, many of whom are vulnerable to trafficking.
There are also reports of trafficking from Brazil to the French overseas territory of French Guiana. There are also reports that some Chinese labourers in French Guiana may be in conditions of forced labour.
This text is also available in the official language of the country.
* France National Information Page_fr.pdf
* 2. INSTITUTIONAL AND LEGAL FRAMEWORK
France prohibits trafficking for sexual and labour exploitation. The specific offence of trafficking in persons was first established in France in 2003 under the Law on Internal Security(Loi sur la Sécurité intérieure). The law introduced the definition of human trafficking in the Criminal Code and set up...