“Liberals hold that freedom is a fundamental value, and that the just state ensures freedom for citizens. Liberal feminists share this view, and insist on freedom for women. There is disagreement among liberals about what freedom means, and thus liberal feminism takes more than one form”().
This paper will attempt to give an overview of Mohanty(1988) by critically analysing her set of ideas and eventually unpacking the limitations of her writing.
In her presentation Mohanty initially focuses on the Western Feminist writing and how it depicts women in the Third world. One of the major themes that she highlights through her writing is ethnocentrisms; which is the view that one’s own culture is superior to that of another. More specifically to this writing and context, ethnocentrism is expressed through the view that women in the third world are a homogeneous group comprising “victims of oppression through family, culture and religion”, (Mohanty et al, 1991). Mohanty (1988) carefully clarifies her main point by giving an insight into the principle of political and economic differences that are found to affect perspectives of writers. More specifically Mohanty(1988:68) points out that some Third world urban scholars are found to make the same generalisations about women who are in rural setting.
The next theme that appears here is that of power and the influence it poses on Feminist scholars. Mohanty(1988) confirms one of the feminist view as being that which is constantly in between the dichotomy of those powerful and those who are not that is; men versus women; individuals against the state or the dominant western ideologies and the less recognized view of the third world countries. Here power is found to manifest especially through literature. Feminist scholars in the United States of America were able to write about the third world countries according to the knowledge base that is created by the hegemonic discourse in which they are situated (Walby,200:199)....