The Globalisation of Cricket
Cricket emerged as a proudly traditional imperial game that was introduced by English colonials all around the world. It was played in colonies so that it might provide a basic model of sportsmanship and an example of how behaviour should be conducted. (Nandy 1989) It was believed that the game nurtured British values and so was encouraged throughout the British colonies. As a result, the game spread across the globe in accordance with the growth of the British Empire. The colonials would play against the natives and winning was a way for the imperials to remain authoritative and remind the natives of their dominance.
It is still played by countries all over the world today but cricket has experienced a subtle change whereby it is no longer a game in which the West entirely dominates. It has grown hugely popular in the sub-continent including countries such as India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. In fact, in Australia it has become a part of ‘mainstream’ culture (Dale 2000 [Wagg]) and the West Indies had their mighty decade where they overshadowed every other team with a globally feared line up. Both India and Bangladesh are hosting tournaments this year that attract players from all over the world to play in multi-national teams and test their skills against some of the best players in the world.
As well as the dwindling dominance of the West over the non-West, cricket has undergone many other changes due to the global flows that pattern world cricket. This process is known as globalisation. Even though this process can be traced back hundreds of years, changes to the game have become more exaggerated and apparent over the last few decades due to the influence of the media and so this essay will focus specifically on the last 30 years of cricket including contemporary elements of globalisation. It will look at what particular areas of the sport have changed and identify some of the possible reasons behind these changes...