Marco Polo (1254 - 1324), was born into a wealthy merchant family in Venice, Italy. He is the most famous Westerner traveled on the Silk Road, and in his-seven decades history, there had been many interesting incidents.
Marco Polo was only 6 years old when his father and uncle, Niccolo and Maffeo Polo, set out from Venice on their first journey to the east. They had arrived at the court of Kublai Khan in 1965, in there, Khan asked them to return to Europe and sent one hundred priests to explain Christianity to him. They finally went back Venice four years later, at that time, Marco Polo was 15 years old. They remained at home for two more years then set out on another journey to China the second time. They took with them Marco Polo, and together, they passed through Armenia, Persia, Afghanistan, over the Pamirs, and along the Silk Road to China.
The Polos reached at the court of Kublai Khan in 1274 and spent the next 17 years to live in the emperor's lands. Marco Polo was very clever, he had mastered many languages by that time, it was impressed Kublai Khan. Therefore, Kublai Khan sent to Marco a lot of diplomatic missions which gave him the opportunity to see many parts of China. Marco also lived in Youngzhou and Houngzhou for three years.
In 1292, the Polos wanted to leave China, the reason was not only homesickness but also about financial. By that time, they had already gotten great wealth in jewels and gold, the most dangerous that Kublai Khan could die and they might not be able to get their fortune out of the country. Kublai Khan agreed to let them return after they accompanied the daughter of Kublai Khan, Princess Kokachin, and her wedding party to Persia to marry a Persian Prince, Arghun. In the same year, their journey home stared from the South China Sea to Sumatra and the India Ocean, they arrived in Persia before continuing. The voyage took two years during which 600 passengers and crew died, they finally arrived home in 1295.
By that time, there...